So, instead of writing Pt.X := 5; Pt.Y := Pt.X + 3 one could write with Pt do begin X := 5; Y := X + 3 end. An LP is a 12-inch vinyl disc used in record players. The original machine-readable medium used for data (as opposed to control) was punch card used for records in the 1890 United States Census: each punch card was a single record. Separate fields are referred to as columns be… Learn more. Typically each record of a data file would be recorded in one punched card, with specific columns assigned to specific fields. A record might store employee information—name, title, and salary. {To record a deed }, { mortgage }, { lease }, etc., to have a copy of the same entered in the records of the office designated by law, for the information of the public. To make an audio or video recording from or within a particular location. The modern notion of records in computer science, with fields of well-defined type and size, was already implicit in 19th century mechanical calculators, such as Babbage's Analytical Engine.[6][7]. In the Pascal programming language, the command with R do S would execute the command sequence S as if all the fields of record R had been declared as variables. A record in a database is an object that can have one or more values. The language allows for the definition of nested records with alphanumeric, integer, and fractional fields of arbitrary size and precision, as well as fields that automatically format any value assigned to them (e.g., insertion of currency signs, decimal points, and digit group separators). He set the world record of 12.92 seconds. A record is a collection of fields, possibly of different data types, typically in a fixed number and sequence. Records are sometimes displayed or shared for reasons other than their original purpose. For example, your computer manufacturer may have a record on you or your computer, this record may contain the history of your computer(s). 1. This facility is needed to implement certain services such as debuggers, garbage collectors, and serialization. The crew is recording live in Los Angeles at the premiere of the new film. The department code may not be unique; it may also be indexed, in which case it would be considered a secondary key, or alternate key. formerly) 78 revolutions a minute. Also, in the call stack that is often used to implement procedure calls, each entry is an activation record or call frame, containing the procedure parameters and local variables, the return address, and other internal fields. In systems with record subtyping, operations on values of record type may also include: In such settings, a specific record type implies that a specific set of fields are present, but values of that type may contain additional fields. Databases may contain multiple tables which may each contain multiple records. Record is defined as to register in a permanent form for playback or to make a permanent file of something. A record is a value that contains other values, typically in fixed number and sequence and typically indexed by names. Meaning of record for the defined word. [ + of] The painting was … Records are composed of fields, each of which contains one item of information. (in some computer languages) a data structure designed to allow the handling of groups of … Most languages designed after Pascal (such as Ada, Modula, and Java) also supported records. A Circle record might contain a center and a radius—in this instance, the center itself might be represented as a point record containing x and y coordinates. A record may refer to any of the following: 1. They also contain other data, including the domain name's name server and mail server information. It requires some degree of type polymorphism. Various tables hold various records in a database. From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]: Record \ Re * … An Electronic Record is defined by Part 11 as “any combination of text, graphics, data, audio, pictorial, or other information representation in digital form that is created, modified, maintained, archived, retrieved, or distributed by a computer system.” This definition ensures that electronic records are the same as paper records. If it is not indexed the entire employee file would have to be scanned to produce a listing of all employees in a specific department. Some languages may also allow assignment between records whose fields have different names, matching each field value with the corresponding field variable by their positions within the record; so that, for example, a complex number with fields called real and imag can be assigned to a 2D point record variable with fields X and Y. A record is simply a set of data stored in a table, for example, a customer record. cords v. tr. This may result in two or more fields stored into the same word of memory; indeed, this feature is often used in systems programming to access specific bits of a word. The PL/I programming language provided for COBOL-style records. A unique key is often called the primary key, or simply the record key. means a record kept in a form which is readable by means of a computer; Record definition is - to set down in writing : furnish written evidence of. [5] The fields of a record may also be called members, particularly in object-oriented programming; fields may also be called elements, though this risks confusion with the elements of a collection. A record is a data structure that groups together related items of data. [9] Alternatively, various elements of the record, each including an element identifier, can simply follow one another in any order. A personnel record might contain a name, a salary, and a rank. Grammatically, this word "record" is a noun, more specifically, a countable noun. card reader, tape or disk). Records can exist in any storage medium, including main memory and mass storage devices such as magnetic tapes or hard disks. The practice is to keep on record any analysis of samples. Other languages may be more flexible in this regard, and require only that each value field can be legally assigned to the corresponding variable field; so that, for example, a short integer field can be assigned to a long integer field, or vice versa. A database, often abbreviated as DB, is a collection of information organized in such a way that a computer program can quickly select desired pieces of data.. Fields, Records and Files. The employee number will be unique in the organization and would be the primary key. The organization of data in the record is usually prescribed by the programming language that defines the record's organization and/or by the application that processes it. Compare the journal entry from 1880 and the punch card from 1895. See our LP definition for additional information. An item or collection of data Computing. record definition: 1. to store sounds or moving pictures using electronic equipment so that they can be heard or seen…. A record type is a data type that describes such values and variables. Records are distinguished from arrays by the fact that their number of fields is typically fixed, each field has a name, and that each field may have a different type. Records were well established in the first half of the 20th century, when most data processing was done using punched cards. Most modern computer languages allow the programmer to define new record types. The term record is frequently used synonymously with row. An example of record is for a parent to use a video camera to document his son's first birthday party. For example an employee file might contain employee number, name, department, and salary. Records in a database or spreadsheet are usually called " rows ". 3. - 8318581 In computer science, a record is a basic data structure. Some languages may also allow order comparisons ('<'and '>'), using the lexicographic order based on the comparison of individual fields. In this alternative, the two operands are still required to have the same sequence of field types. We had to record in my basement until we'd saved up enough money to start using a real studio. A record may refer to any of the following: 1. A collection of related data contained in one or more files or a database. Definition of record : anything (such as a document or a phonograph record or a photograph) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events - sound recording consisting of a disk with a continuous groove; used to reproduce music by rotating while a phonograph needle tracks in the groove - the number of wins versus losses and ties a team has had The salary field would not normally be considered usable as a key. It may contain the offsets of elements; the elements can therefore be stored in any order or may be omitted. A record is a database entry that may contain one or more values. Groups of records are then saved in a table; the table determines the data that each record may have. 2. (1) In database management systems, a complete set of information. The following show examples of record definitions: Information block that is part of a database (data row), "Computer Science Dictionary Definitions", "Charles Babbage's Analytical Engine, 1838", "Automatic Computation: Charles Babbage and Computational Method", "EPICS Input / Output Controller (IOC) Application Developer's Guide", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Record_(computer_science)&oldid=995234143, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Indeed, in most object-oriented languages, records are just special cases of objects, and are known as plain old data structures (PODSs), to contrast with objects that use OO features. Define Record ????? Some languages may implement a record as an array of addresses pointing to the fields (and, possibly, to their names and/or types). A record can be viewed as the computer analog of a mathematical tuple, although a tuple may or may not be considered a record, and vice versa, depending on conventions and the specific programming language. record noun (INFORMATION) B2 [ C or U ] a piece of information or a description of an event that is written on paper or stored on a computer: The weather center keeps a record of the weather. In relational databases, a record is a group of related data held within the same structure. These same possibilities apply to the comparison of two record values for equality. computing a group of data or piece of information preserved as a unit in machine-readable form. Since type-theoretical records may contain first-class function-typed fields in addition to data, they can express many features of object-oriented programming. On the other hand, most compilers will add padding fields, mostly invisible to the programmer, in order to comply with alignment constraints imposed by the machine—say, that a floating point field must occupy a single word. Generally, a record was the smallest unit that could be read in from external storage (e.g. An array may represent a vector of numbers, a list of strings, or a collection of vectors (an array of arrays, or mathematical matrix). Another example is a hospital or clinic with a medical record for you or a family member. The original Lisp programming language too was lacking records (except for the built-in cons cell), but its S-expressions provided an adequate surrogate. It's also a verb, more specifically, an intransitive verb and a transitive verb. 1) v. (rick-cored) to put a document into the official records of a county at the office of the County Recorder or Recorder of Deeds. COBOL was the first widespread programming language to support record types,[8] and its record definition facilities were quite sophisticated at the time. It is designed to execute applications and provides a variety of solutions by combining integrated hardware and software components. The selection of a field from a record value yields a value. 13. 2. In the same vein, a record type can be viewed as the computer language analog of the Cartesian product of two or more mathematical sets, or the implementation of an abstract product type in a specific language. The definition of record in Dictionary is as: An item of information put into a temporary or permanent physical medium. Records in a database or spreadsheet are usually called "rows".[1][2][3][4]. record in (something) 1. Other languages (such as COBOL) may match fields and values by their names, rather than positions. A key is a field or set of fields in the record that serves as an identifier. An object in object-oriented language is essentially a record that contains procedures specialized to handle that record; and object types are an elaboration of record types. A self-defining record is a type of record which contains information to identify the record type and to locate information within the record. If you keep information on record, you write it down or store it in a computer so that it can be used later. The latter were provided eventually (by the typedef declaration), but the two concepts are still distinct in the language. Many ways of practically implementing records in programming languages would have trouble with allowing such variability, but the matter is a central characteristic of record types in more theoretical contexts. You can think of a traditional database as an electronic filing system, organized by fields, records, and files.A field is a single piece of information; a record is one complete set of fields; … The parameters of a function or procedure can often be viewed as the fields of a record variable; and the arguments passed to that function can be viewed as a record value that gets assigned to that variable at the time of the call. Declaration of a new record type, including the position, type, and (possibly) name of each field; Declaration of variables and values as having a given record type; Construction of a record value from given field values and (sometimes) with given field names; Selection of a field of a record with an explicit name; Assignment of a record value to a record variable; Adding a new field to a record, setting the value of the new field. 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